As technology is evolving, many experts are developing and creating new technology to be used by the society. Cyberjaya is going to be the first Smart City in Malaysia, therefore it will be the hub for autonomous car.
Many of you must be wondering what does it mean by Autonomous Car and How Does It Work? All your explanations and doubts will be answered with the explanation as below.
A driverless car (sometimes called a self-driving car, a robotic car or an autonomous vehicle) is a robotic vehicle that is intended to travel between destinations without a human control. To qualify as completely autonomous, a vehicle must be able to navigate without human intervention to a predetermined destination over roads that have not been adapted for its use. The world of self-driving autonomous cars is only around the corner, and companies across the globe, from car makers such as Tesla, Audi and Nissan, to tech firms like Google and Aurora are spending millions to get the technology on the road.
Companies developing as well as testing driverless car incorporate Audi, BMW, Ford, Google, General Motors, Volkswagen and Volvo. Google’s test involved a fleet of self-driving car – six Toyota Prii and an Audi TT – exploring more than 140,000 miles of California streets and highways. A single accident happened during one of the rare events when a human was driving. Another test of more than 1000 miles was completed effectively with no human intercession.
Here’s how Google’s cars work:
- The “driver” sets a destination. The car’s software calculates a route and starts the car on its way.
- A rotating, roof-mounted LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging – a technology similar to radar) sensor monitors a 60-meter range around the car and creates a dynamic 3-D map of the car’s current environment.
- A sensor on the left rear wheel monitors sideways movement to detect the car’s position relative to the 3-D map.
- Radar systems in the front and rear bumpers calculate distances to obstacles.
- Artificial intelligence (AI) software in the car is connected to all the sensors and has input from Google Street View and video cameras inside the car.
- The AI simulates human perceptual and decision-making processes and controls actions in driver-control systems such as steering and brakes.
- The car’s software consults Google Maps for advance notice of things like landmarks and traffic signs and lights.
- An override function is available to allow a human to take control of the vehicle.
Proponents of systems based on driverless cars say they would eliminate accidents caused by driver error, which is currently the cause of almost all traffic accidents. Furthermore, the greater precision of an automatic system could improve traffic flow, dramatically increase highway capacity and reduce or eliminate traffic jams. Finally, the systems would allow commuters to do other things while traveling, such as working, reading or sleeping.
The history of driverless cars goes back much further than most people realize — Leonardo da Vinci designed the first prototype around 1478. Leonardo’s car was designed as a self-propelled robot powered by springs, with programmable steering and the ability to run pre-set courses.
Self-driving vehicles are not yet legal on most roads. In June 2011, Nevada, US became the first jurisdiction in the world to allow driverless cars on public roadways.
If you want to know more about Autonomous Car, you can visit the websites as below:-